The ancient seaside city of Ostia, only ten miles far from Rome, was founded in the 4th century B.C. as a military port, and became afterwards a strategic commercial harbour and Emporium to secure food supply to the capital of the Roman Empire. This town lets us to go back in time thanks to the extraordinay preservation of its buildings. It is considered the Roman Pompeii!
Walking along the “decumanus maximus”, the main road that originally crossed the city, you can admire on both sides the ruins of many important buildings: from the Public Baths of Neptune,to the Theatre, the Barracks of the Fire Fighters, the ancient fast food called “Thermopolium” and finally the square of the Forum.
Furthermore, It is worth walking in the side streets to discover storage rooms, laundries, shops, but also luxurious residences or block apartment houses, and temples.
The spreading of new religions coming from the farthest provinces of the Roman Empire, allows us to understand how the city of Ostia was originally cosmopolitan and multiethnical. Actually, we can see the ruins of pagan temples, egyptian cults, mithraic temples, a christian basilica but also the most ancient jewish synagogue in Europe.
In the end, visiting the ancient city of Ostia means not only talking about architecture and engineering, but also lifestyle in the ancient Rome.